60 Percent of Palestinians Against Two State Solution

On Wednesday, I mentioned that most Israeli Arabs are Proud to be Israeli.

How about Palestinian Arabs? What do THEY feel about Israel?

Well, I’ve got bad news, really bad news and the tiniest bit of good news.

Let’s start with the good news. Among Palestinians:

  • 75% support teaching children about peace
  • 30% support a permanent, two-state solution
  • 57% believe that the Nakba protests “hurt or made no difference to the Palestinian cause”
  • 83% are more interested in job creation than conflict with Israel
  • 59% said that it was wrong to fire rockets at Israeli cities and Israeli citizens
  • Most Palestinians favor Fatah over Hamas, by almost three to one.

Now, here’s the bad news:

  • 52% do not accept a two-state solution, out-right
  • 60% believe that a two-state solution must lead to a single, Palestinian state.
  • 61% personally reject President Obama’s “two homelands for two peoples” frame
  • 84% say that “Over time, Palestinians must work to get back all the land for a Palestinian state.”
  • 72% deny that Jews have a long history in Jerusalem
  • 53% support teaching songs and chants in schools that talk about hating the Jews

And, here’s the really bad news:

  • 84% of Palestinians say that “Over time, Palestinians must work to get back all the land for a Palestinian state.”
  • More than 70% of Palestinians agreed with the section of the Hamas charter that says, “The Day of Judgment will not come about until Muslims fight the Jews, when the Jew will hide behind stones and trees. The stones and trees will say O Muslims, O Abdulla, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him. Only the Gharkad tree, would not do that because it is one of the trees of the Jews.”

Ouch.

Now, what is my connection to last week’s positive post about Arab Israeli attitudes?

Education.

If you educate someone to hate, they will hate. If you educate someone to love, they will love.

Israeli Arabs and Palestinian Arabs are no different from each other, except in how they were educated. And, when I say ‘educated’, I refer to more than just the education that you get in schools.

So, the path to peace should be clear. If the Palestinians want peace, they must support an attempt to teach children a true acceptance of Israel.

By the way, all of this comes from a survey by Greenberg Quinlan Rosner that was funded by The Israel Project. The survey was completed in July, 2011 and has a margin of error of 3.1%.


Palestinians Want Jobs, Not U.N. Declaration of a State, Poll Shows

Palestinians support negotiations with Israel
Support for Hamas and Iran plummets
Palestinians oppose new Intifada
59 percent of Palestinians have Facebook accounts

Download PDF of Full Charts
Download PDF of Frequency Questionnaire

Washington, July 21 – Palestinians want their leaders to focus on creating jobs and improving health care and education, but almost none see the current drive for a unilateral declaration of statehood as a top priority, a new poll sponsored by The Israel Project has found.

In the poll (Charts, Frequency Questionnaire) of 1,010 Palestinians (353 in Gaza and 656 in the West Bank) conducted this month by Stanley Greenberg of Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research with Palestinian research partner, Palestinian Center for Public Opinion, respondents were asked to name the top two priorities for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. More than 80 percent cited creating new jobs, while only 4 percent identified current Palestinian efforts to declare Palestinian statehood via the United Nations. In the effort to create those jobs, providing microfinance that can give seed money for starting new companies was cited by 44 percent as the most helpful potential action.

In considering their political leadership, 51 percent in Gaza and 59 percent in the West Bank gave Iranian-backed Hamas a negative rating. Iran’s image also has worsened since the most recent TIP survey of Palestinians conducted last October. Some 77 percent of Palestinians now have a cold, unfavorable feeling toward Tehran while 73 percent agree that “Iran and its president, Ahmadinejad, care about themselves and their own agenda” rather than being friends of the Palestinian people. Only 47 percent thought this last October.

Download PDF about TIP’s People-to-People Peace Program

Positive job approval ratings for Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad and for Abbas have risen to approximately 70 percent. In a hypothetical election held today, Abbas’ Fatah Party would trounce Hamas by nearly three-to-one, and no other party would receive more than 5 percent support.

In considering dealings with Israel, two-thirds of Palestinians support diplomatic engagement over “violent resistance.” However, 30 percent spread evenly between the two Palestinian territories said they felt that “now is a time for violent resistance.” Those who support violence are more likely to watch Al Jazeera and Al Manar TV networks than those who prefer diplomatic engagement.

Taking into account Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s declaration that “he would not consider any plan that divides Jerusalem and that Palestinian refugees should settle in Palestine, not Israel,” a majority of Palestinians still support returning to negotiations. Also, two-thirds oppose a Third Intifada, and only 14 percent said they would get involved in such an uprising.

In considering the moral “right” and “wrong” of a list of different actions, most Palestinians disapprove of violence against civilians; 59 percent said that it was “wrong” to fire rockets at Israeli cities and citizens, and 42 percent said that the killings in Itamar were “wrong.” However 29 percent said the murders of five family members including three children in a West Bank settlement on March 11, 2011 were “right.”

A majority of Palestinians do justify violence against Israeli soldiers, with 62 percent saying it is “right” to kidnap and hold Israeli soldiers hostage. This is further reinforced when asked specifically about the kidnapping of Gilad Shalit, who has been held prisoner in Gaza for more the five years without any contact with the outside world, including humanitarian organizations such as the Red Cross; here, 56 percent favored his kidnapping and 51 percent opposed his release.

When asked more fundamental ideological questions surrounding Israel’s existence, 72 percent said it was “right” to deny Jews have a long history in Jerusalem, 61 percent endorsed naming streets after suicide bombers and 53 percent said it was “right” to teach songs in Palestinian schools that talk about hating Jews.

Asked to comment on specific clauses of the Hamas Charter, more than 70 percent of Palestinians agreed with the section that says, “The Day of Judgment will not come about until Muslims fight the Jews, when the Jew will hide behind stones and trees. The stones and trees will say O Muslims, O Abdulla, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him. Only the Gharkad tree, would not do that because it is one of the trees of the Jews.”

Read the rest of the poll summary, here.

Link to Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research Report.

Link to Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Executive Summary.